Historical roots of the conflict in Syria

The roots of the Syrian conflict go back to the ancient times. This beleaguered state has for centuries found itself in the center of imperial strife and interests. The Assirians, Egyptians, Romans and event the Mongol tribes have sought to subdue these territories. These complicated geopolitical context was rendered even more problematic by sectarian conflicts that lay in the heart of the religion of Islam itself. Syria is inhabited not only by Sunni and Shia population but also has a rich 10% Christian population while the government is controlled by Alawite minority. This lack of ethnical uniformity fuels the internal disputes and conflicts.

The I world war has changed the Syrian political situation. At that point in time, it was a part of the Ottoman empire, which took the side of Germany. The British decided to undertake subversive action in the state, which were carried out by Lawrence of Arabia the British agent. The liberation of Syria and its independence was short lived as the French and the British decided to divide the state into two parts. The present Syria found itself under the inflexible French rule against which it rebelled until the start of the II world war. It is at that time that the now dominant Alawite minority took power over Syrian military which it still enjoys to this day. What additionally exacerbates the conflict is the Russian insistence on maintaining the control over natural gas supply which, if lost, would diminish its influence in Europe. This, however, is something that the West would be most comfortable with with Russian and Gazprom out of the way Quatar would become the major player on the natural gas market. It seems that Syria right now, apart from the historical difficulties, has to deal with the clashing interest of the classic division of “East and West”, that was well known from the times of the cold war.

If you are learning English you will find these words useful:

Beleaguered – oblężony
Undertake – podjąć, zainicjować
Strife – sprzeczka
Fuel – zaogniać
Uniformity – spójność

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